Experience has shown that the old-fashioned view of manners has pointed the way to an agreeable, if not perfect, society in the South. These manners are a source for contentment with one’s state and destiny. Wherever these manners and contentment remain, they will seem peculiar to restless, clever minds.
The four cardinal virtues are wisdom or prudence, fortitude or courage, temperance, and justice. Socrates has shown that the soul has three parts: the intellectual soul, the spirited soul, and the appetitive soul. The perfection of each part depends on the perfection of a cardinal virtue. For the intellectual soul the virtue is wisdom; for the spirited part the virtue is fortitude; for the appetitive part it is temperance. Justice, Socrates asserts, comes about when each part of the soul practices its virtue and keeps a proper relation with the other parts. These virtues lead, when perfected, to contentment and harmony.